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Direct Energy

In 2001, the South West consumed an estimated 93,760 GWh of energy including renewable energy. This energy was largely produced from gas (49%). Energy consumption was split almost equally between non-domestic (industry and services) and domestic use. More than half of domestic energy consumption was for space heating. The manufacturing sector consumed more than 60% of the industrial sector's energy, while real estate, renting and business activities consumed the most energy in the services sector.

Total CO2 emissions associated with energy consumed within the region were estimated at 26.6 million tonnes.

Table 1 provides a detailed breakdown of energy consumption by fuel type and sector.

Table 1
Direct energy consumed in the South West, by fuel type and sector, in 2001 (GWh)
 
Sector Electricity* Gas Solid fuel*** Petroleum Heat energy+ Total Energy
Total direct energy 32,710 46,030 3,865 11,030 125 93,760
Domestic 13,967 27,969 1,909 3,087 ** 46,931
of which ...  
Space heating 2,810 20,132 1,490 2,353 ** 26,785
Water 1,675 7,240 414 730 ** 10,059
Cooking, lighting & appliances 9,482 597 5 0 ** 10,083
 
Non-domestic 18,743 18,061 1,956 7,943 ** 46,704
of which ...  
Industry 5,835 5,622 609 2,473 ** 14,539
of which ...  
Agriculture   468 451 49 198 ** 1,166
Mining & quarrying 94 91 10 40 ** 235
Manufacturing 3,673 3,539 383 1,557 ** 9,152
Electricity, gas & water supply 562 542 59 238 ** 1,401
Construction 1,037 999 108 440 ** 2,584
Services 12,908 12,439 1,347 5,470 ** 32,165
of which ...  
Wholesale & retail trade 2,250 2,168 235 954 ** 5,607
Hotels & restaurants 704 678 73 298 ** 1,754
Transport, storage & communication 1,277 1,230 133 541 ** 3,181
Financial intermediation 271 262 28 115 ** 676
Real estate, renting & business activities 3,641 3,508 380 1,543 ** 9,072
Public administration & defence 1,549 1,492 162 656 ** 3,859
Education 1,023 986 107 434 ** 2,550
Health & social work 1,313 1,265 137 556 ** 3,271
Other services 881 849 92 373 ** 2,195
* Includes 375 GWh of electricity generated in the South West from renewables.
** No data available.
*** Solid fuel includes coal.
+ This is heat energy from landfill gas, solar panels and biomass.
Note: Totals may differ due to rounding.
Note: The petroleum figure reported does not include petroleum used for transport.
Note: In order to achieve data at this level, proxies were used. Disaggregated data should be read with caution.
Sources: AEAT, 2001 & 2003; DEFRA, 2003b; DETR, 1996; DTI, 2002, 2003 & 2003a, 2004 & 2004a; Mitchell & Regen, 1998; ODPM, 2001; ONS, 2003a & 2003b; REWARD, 2004; Transco, 2003 and Western Power, 2004.

What is brown grid electricity?

Energy supplied from nuclear and fossil fuel sources, such as coal and gas, to the national grid. Brown grid electricity is also referred to as 'conventional grid'.

What is renewable grid electricity?

Energy supplied from renewable sources, such as wind, wave and solar, to the national grid. It is also commonly referred to as 'green grid'.

Renewable sources were used to generate 500GWh of energy in the South West, of which 375GWh was electricity. The split between grid and non-grid is unknown, although for this study all electricity produced from renewables was assumed to be grid electricity. 125GWh of heat energy was generated from landfill gas, solar panels and biomass. Renewable energy consumed in the South West, by source, in 2001, is presented in Table 2.

Table 2
Renewable energy consumed in the South West, by use, in 2001
 
Energy source GWh Tonnes of oil equivalent
Total renewable energy 500 42,981
Electricity (grid & off-grid) 375 32,234
of which ...  
Hydro 17 1,453
Wind 84 7,257
Landfill gas 231 19,818
Other biofuels & wastes 43 3,706
Heat (landfill gas, solar panels & biomass) 125 10,748
 
Source: AEAT, 2001 & 2003