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Direct Energy Footprint

This component includes energy used in the home and by commercial and public services, such as hotels, education and health services. It does not include energy used during the manufacture of products; this is accounted for in the 'materials and waste' ecological footprint.

The ecological footprint for direct energy in 2001 was 5 million gha (1 gha per person). It accounts for 18% of the total South West resident's ecological footprint. Table 4 shows the direct energy ecological footprint for SW residents in 2001.

Electricity was the largest contributor to the domestic energy ecological footprint, at 51%. At 39%, natural gas & LPG (liquid propane gas) made the second largest contribution. Domestic energy use accounted for 71% of the direct energy ecological footprint.

Table 4
Direct energy ecological footprint of a South West resident, by fuel type, in 2001
 
Fuel type or Service Sector Consumption (kWh per person) Per person ecological footprint (gha) % of total direct energy ecological footprint
Total direct energy 13,072 1.00 100%
of which …  
Domestic energy 9,537 0.71* 71%
of which …  
Electricity 2,755 0.36 35%
Natural gas & LPG 5,669 0.28 28%
Heating oil, kerosene & gas oil 626 0.04 4%
Coal 387 0.03 3%
Renewables (excl. wood)** 101 0  
Services energy*** 3,535 0.29 29%
of which…  
Hotels & restaurants 600 0.042 4%
Health & education 960 0.077 8%
Community, social & personal 628 0.053 5%
Office & administration 656 0.055 5%
Commerce 691 0.066 7%
* Includes wood fuel, 1,523 gha.
** Includes grid and off-grid (autogeneration) renewables.
*** Fuel sources aggregated by service category.
Note: Totals may differ due to rounding.
Sources: AEAT, 2001 & 2003; DEFRA, 2003b; DETR, 1996; DTI, 2002, 2003 & 2003a, 2004 & 2004a;
Mitchell & Regen, 1998; ODPM, 2001; ONS, 2003a & 2003b; REWARD, 2004; Transco, 2003 and Western Power, 2004

Domestic energy

For this study, domestic energy data was gathered in sufficient detail to permit analysis of the types of energy consumed by residents in the South West, and the ecological footprint associated with this energy use. Table 5 provides a breakdown of the domestic energy ecological footprint for South West residents, by use. Electricity for cooking etc. and gas for space heating are the largest components of the domestic energy footprint.

Table 5
Domestic energy consumption & ecological footprint of a South West resident, by use, in 2001
 
Energy Use (kWh per person) Electricity* Gas Solid fuel Heating Oil, Kerosene & Gas Oil Renewables Total
Total Domestic Energy 2,755 5,669 387 626 101 9,537
of which…  
space heating 554 4,080 302 477 30 5,443
water 330 1,467 84 148 15 2,044
cooking, lighting and appliances 1,870 121 1 0 57 2,049
 
Energy Use (gha per person) Electricity* Gas Solid fuel Heating Oil, Kerosene & Gas Oil Renewables Total
Total Domestic Energy 0.36 0.28 0.03 0.04 0 0.71
of which…
space heating 0.07 0.20 0.03 0.03 0 0.33
water 0.04 0.07 0.01 0.01 0 0.13
cooking, lighting and appliances 0.24 0.01 0.0001 0 0 0.25
* Excludes all renewable sources.
Note: Totals may differ due to rounding.